What is Native and Hybrid IoT App Development?

Why we require iot App development ?

IoT apps are important in helping leverage all the potential benefits that IoT solutions offer. IoT apps can be useful to businesses that are looking at cutting edge analytics, expediting and automating business processes, industrial process control, monitoring of machine health and environmental conditions for deriving business value. The best thing about IoT apps is that they can be used to implement IoT solutions remotely, requiring no physical approach to the IoT device. Hence, IoT apps can help business leaders craft new business models and revenue streams, and also supply them with real-time data to help their business grow. IoT app Development can be divided into Native and Hybrid IoT App development .

IoT applications are developed to control IoT devices and can be tailor-made to the most specific requirements of any business, industry, healthcare sector, automotive sector, smart homes, wearable wellness devices etc.  Increasingly, IoT applications are making use of AI and ML to increase capability of devices. Various frameworks are available for building IoT apps including Ionic, Flutter, and React native app development framework .

Hybrid IoT App development

What is Hybrid IoT App development?

The reason for the popularity of apps is because of the flexibility they offer to developers. In a hybrid app, developers can write code for a mobile app once and still be able to accommodate multiple platforms in it. 

Hybrid apps are typically packaged in a native container that makes use of a mobile WebView object. On using the app, we are able to access the web content with the help of web technologies such as CSS, JavaScript etc.

When is it best to go for a Hybrid IoT App development?

For IoT web developers, hybrid IoT app is the choice to go for in situations when

  • the app you are designing is a simple app
  • when you have to develop an app for two platforms –iOS and Android, with budgetary constraints 
  • an app has quick access to two profitable markets such as iOS and Android.

The 2 most popular app frameworks used in Hybrid IoT app development

Flutter App Development

Flutter is a popular open-source User Interface (UI) Hybrid App development kit created by Google. App developers use it to create apps for various platforms such as Android, iOS, Linux, Windows, Mac, and more recently Google Fuchsia and web.

With Flutter, developers are able to create apps that have quite high productive-value. This is because Flutter offers a common codebase for Android and iOS. It provides the developers the creative space and capabilities to build amazing UIs with flexible designs, thereby creating a compelling user interface that results in a superb Minimum Value Product (MVP).

The efficacy of the Flutter framework has resulted in big brands such as Alibaba to adopt Flutter for creating beautiful apps that boost user engagement. 

React native App Development

React Native is an open-source app  development framework developed by Facebook. It is used to create applications for Android, Android TV, iOS, macOS, tvOS, Web, Windows and other platforms. The framework helps developers use the React framework with its native platform functionality. React Native also finds application in the development of virtual reality apps at Oculus.

React is a JavaScript library for building user interfaces. React Native is a framework based on React JS.

Running in the background process on the end-device, React native establishes communication with the native platform through serial data. 

The components of the React Framework tend to wrap the native code and communicate with native APIs through React’s UI and JavaScript.

React native is a part of MERN which is the superset of many app development frameworks. MERN is an acronym for MERN MongoDB, Express, React, Node, the four important technologies that constitute this stack. 

  • MongoDB – It is a document database
  • Express(.js) – It is a web framework
  • React(.js) -It is a client-side JavaScript framework
  • Node(.js) -It is the high-value JavaScript web server framework

The MERN is a full stack app development solution that consists of an architecture that enables developers to effortlessly create a 3-level architecture (frontend, backend, database) for app development by using only JavaScript and JSON technologies.

React.js Front End

The topmost tier of the MERN stack is React.js, the JavaScript framework for building dynamic client-side apps in HTML. 

React’s strengths include ability to handle stateful, data-driven interfaces in a hassle-free manner.

Express.js and Node.js Server Tier

The tier below the React.js front end is the Express.js server-side framework. Express.js is a framework of Node.js. 

Express.js is a flexible Node.js web application framework with which we get robust server capabilities to create web and mobile applications. Here are some of the key features of Express framework −

  • Enables setting up middlewares to 
  •  response to HTTP Requests.
  • Helps define a routing table that can be used to do various tasks on the basis of HTTP Method and URL.
  • Helps create dynamic HTML pages on the basis of arguments passed to the web page.

MongoDB Database Tier

Many apps may require storage of data such as user profile data, audio video content, events etc. If your app has such requirements, you will need a database which is quite smooth to work with just like React, Express for example. 

What is a Native App?

Native apps are built for smartphones and other devices and they are designed for a specific platform/ operating system such as iOS or Android. 

The 2 most popular app frameworks for Native app development are:

  • Kotlin

Kotlin is a cross platform app development framework used to develop apps for a variety of platforms such as Android, JVM, Windows etc. Kotlin is designed to ensure coding compatibility with Java under Android studio.

  • Swift

Swift is an app development framework used for developing apps on the iOS platform. Swift comes with modern code properties like type inference and generics. It is also packed with powerful tools to improve app safety and performance of the system. Swift is compatible with Cocoa and Cocoa Touch frameworks that are used to develop amazing and powerful UI for the iOS apps.

When is it best to go for a Native IoT App development?

  • When the requirement is for a professional app that meets all the standards of the selected platform for which the app is being built. 
  • If app has a complex set of needs with high and wide functionality
  • If the need is for an app that has a high-speed.

Conclusion

Native app development scores over Hybrid app development on the parameters of aesthetics whereas Hybrid app development should be your choice if cost is your concern. 

PsiBorg  provides you full stack IoT app development services wherein we use MERN for our IoT app development services. We have in the past helped our customers achieve stupendous results by building IoT apps for IoT wearable devices with added google home/alexa skills, home automation systems, Industrial Automation systems,  Dashboards for data visualization for Smart Agriculture, smart home security development.

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