A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a network of distributed and autonomous devices that use sensors to keep track of what’s happening around.The most important component for home automation is network configuration. The devices (nodes) are connected with a gateway to gain communication between the nodes. The application of WSN in home security and automation is noteworthy. Home automation is basically the automation of all the activities at home. It includes a combined control of lightning, appliances, safety locks of doors & gates and HVAC (heating, ventilation & AC).
This can be done by connecting the devices with your smartphones and controlling the switches by just a touch on the phone. The electrical devices are accessed through the internet. It is commonly used in domestic activities like entertainment, garden watering, feeding pets etc. everyone dreams of a smart home where they can remote control all the activities.This automation can be used to enhance security as well.There are sensors that can detect smoke, suspicious motions, glass breaking and the like. This technology provides you with unique features, low cost, easy implementation and tight security.