Internet of things or IOT is a network of devices, appliances, vehicles and others. Embedded IoT devices with sensors, software, connectivity and actuators are commonly used nowadays. This enables the device to connect and exchange data. In simpler terms, IoT devices share data in a wired or wireless network. Moreover, IoT is our future and many businesses have already made the move to switch to IoT. Finally, IoT has affected companies of today. Also IoT services are becoming more and more popular nowadays.
The definition itself showcases the endless possibilities IoT inventions can provide to us; changing it right at the roots. This impact of IoT in the business world has completely transformed business operations. Moreover, IoT has drastically switched information collected and exchanged.
IoT is impacting businesses in different ways:-
Internet of Things provides a permanent connection and data exchange between connected devices and users. Thanks to the built-in , widely used sensors and the different technologies that ensure communication among objects. Finally, it’s possible to track health status of patients, locate items during transportation, monitor status of buildings etc. At the comfort of our phone or any other connected device all this is possible.
Control and automation
IoT users through applications installed on their devices such as phones, tablets can remotely control smart devices. Now they can adjust different variables and choose specific options. Furthermore, systems send automated messages and warnings or take actions on behalf of the user. For example a fridge can order food from the supermarket if some of the products are down. In addition, the user can adjust the temperature at their homes while they are away.
Cost Savings (Time, Resources, Money)
The connectivity and fast communication among devices reduce the response time and human labor. To summarize, this leads to increased productivity and efficiency. Many of the appliances that make our homes advanced save electricity, resources and money. In conclusion a lot of investments are made in predictive maintenance that help to predict failures in IoT ecosystems.
Improved City Life
IoT and connectivity of objects tend to improve the quality of life and facilitate citizens. In conclusion, use of smart devices and systems with elements of interactivity makes users more active. This makes them feel like a part of this ecosystem. Furthermore, this facilitates in creating a better experience for them.
Businesses transformed by IoT
The applications of IoT in the healthcare industry are limitless. This concept is referred to as the Internet of Medical Things or “IoMT”. It is a collection of medical devices with Wi-Fi and applications connected to healthcare IT system through online computer networks. IoT devices gather information. The cloud analyzes this information. IoT has the potential to reduce costs as hospitals struggle to lower operating costs. Hospitals continue to remain competitive. In conclusion, this drastically improves a patient’s journey through a medical facility. Idea of telemedicine or the ability of a doctor to diagnose a patient’s problem without an office visit is becoming popular. This is especially useful when patients are living in remote areas or when they need specialized care. Internet of things is of great importance in the healthcare industry.
IoT in Agriculture
Farm management makes use of IOT to ensure that the crops and soil receive exactly what they need. It is crucial for crops for their optimum health. This leads to a better yield and productivity. Specialized equipment, software devices and sensors are used to ensure profitability, sustainability and protection of the environment. Sensors installed in the field measure parameters like moisture content, temperature of the soil and surrounding air. Satellite images are processed and information from sensors and other data are integrated. This yields guidance for immediate and future decisions. Smart agriculture is the need of today especially with the rising population.
IoT in Manufacturing Sector
This sector has been finding different ways to derive value from this technology. For example manufacturers are using product tracking mechanisms to ensure accuracy. Parts can be individually tagged and tracked throughout the manufacturing process. Moreover, all this can be done while parts are on the production line. Furthermore, components received from the production plant can be tracked throughout the assembly process. A camera installed along production lines measures the number of components in bins . An inventory management system automatically places supply orders to refill the containers. This definitely helps manufacturers with their carefully scheduled Just-In-Time (JIT) assembly lines. Manufacturers use sensors to improve a machine’s performance, extend their lives. Moreover, manufacturers learn how they could redesign to do more.
The smart grid is one example of widespread application of IoT. In this application each component of the grid be it transformers, power lines, home electric meters have sensors. Also, it is capable of two-way communication. The electric company can manage distribution more efficiently and be proactive about maintenance. Moreover, electric companies respond to outages faster using the smart grid.
Technology is a boon for businesses if handled with caution. When using we should always make sure that this advancing technology is not a burden to this world. India being a poverty-stricken country can only revolutionize when everybody will be educated. We need working professionals serviceable enough to use this technology. Only its creation is not important, its proper usage and implementation are even more vital.