IoT solutions and smart devices are making considerable transformations in sectors like farming and livestock. When everything is connected around us via the Internet, it is nearly impossible for us to imagine life without the Internet of things . While talking about the Internet of things, the fact cannot be ignored that it has changed the way livestock industry works. The use of battery powered sensors and smart devices has helped farmers in keeping track of their livestock without running around with them wherever they go. The livestock monitoring using IoT helps the ranchers to keep track of their livestock in real-time. It helps in combating many problems faced in the livestock industry.
A list of problems faced by the livestock industry are as follows:
- Animals eat noxious things like plastic and fall sick.
- High animal mortality rate.
- No track of livestock if the number is significant.
- If a farm animal is lost, there is no track of where they went and hence no record.
How IoT solutions can be used in Livestock monitoring systems?
The livestock industry is very huge, and therefore it is essential to keep track of livestock and other farm animals. A Livestock monitoring system is a revolutionary solution architected and developed using sensors, GPS, etc. and integrating all these with a network protocol for communication. This monitoring system helps the farmers to keep a check on their farm animals remotely. The tracker device can be attached to collars and can keep track of animal health, chewing patterns, location details, pasture management, etc. The Livestock monitoring system not only helps in managing farm animals but also other farm equipment. The use of sensors on livestock, where the data is sent to a central unit for monitoring , is an implementation known as Wireless Sensor Network.
Working of an IoT enabled Livestock Monitoring System
The IoT enabled livestock monitoring system can turn out to be a boon for livestock farming. IoT-enabled livestock management solutions provides data on various aspects of cattle health. Using a wearable collar or tag with sensors monitor the location, temperature, blood pressure and heart rate of animals and wirelessly send the data in near-real-time to farmers’ devices. The adjustable tracker is worn by the farm animals individually. The tracker device is made small in size and light weighted so that animals don’t find it bulky over their body. The GPS tracker and sensors are integrated into the device so that the animals’ movements and health can be monitored 24*7. The system is designed to keep track of livestock behavior .The behavioral tracking feature of the system can help the farmers to know what their livestock are eating.
There are mobile applications and web apps or IoT Dashboards associated with the hardware. With the help of the application associated with the device, farmers can create virtual boundaries with geofencing to secure the locations where the livestock can move freely. The tracker sends alerts to the mobile application if the livestock moves beyond defined boundaries. It also sends alerts if the livestock is eating or drinking something toxic or inappropriate. This way, the farmers can save their livestock from health issues.
The system can work on LPWAN , which works everywhere, hence ensuring the proper connections. There are various LPWAN protocols which are opted according to the application.It can be used for the surveillance of farming equipment to save them from theft.
Benefits of an IoT enabled Livestock Monitoring system
Farms now have huge numbers of animals making the direct interaction of staff with all the animals impossible. IoT enabled monitoring for Livestock helps in checking on all the animals remotely and also provides information of every animal in the farm to rely on.
Key benefits of monitoring livestock using IoT are:-
• Monitor the health and vitality of livestock in real-time, enabling farmers to quickly treat animals and prevent the spread of disease.
• To monitor grazing patterns and nutritional changes.
• Track grazing animals.
• Gather and analyze historical data to identify trends in cattle health.
• Optimizing breeding practices.
• Cloud based integration and dashboard solutions to provide real time information as well as historic data to vet, nutritionists etc.
Tracking livestock’s movement with GPS
Tracking your animals’ behavior and keeping an eye on the locations wherever they go is essential nowadays. With the livestock monitoring system, you can track your livestock location 24*7. You can also locate the lost animal and rescue them in no time. The system comes with an integrated GPS tracker and geofencing feature by which it becomes easier to create grazing boundaries for the cow and other farm animals.
Track livestock Health
For healthy products we get from livestock, the livestock animals must be healthy. The livestock monitoring system helps in keeping a check on the health of the livestock. You can monitor the grazing pattern and make better decisions for livestock weight, food timings, etc. If livestock gets any illness such as lameness, then the medicine timings and behavior can be tracked along with the calving, lactation period, etc. With proper feed and better digestion, livestock can produce more nutritious milk. The temperature sensors can help in detecingt feverish symptoms early so that animals can get better care.
Decrease livestock Mortality Rate
Sometimes for getting extra products from farm animals, farmers make their animals eat antibiotics or steroids. These antibiotics can harm livestock in ways that can also lead to loss of the animal’s life. With the livestock monitoring system, you can track your livestock’s eating habits and give them good feed for better produce. Also, if farm animals are suffering from disease, illness can be diagnosed and treated before it’s too late. This way, the monitoring system helps in reducing the livestock mortality rate.
Identification of livestock and better security
The identification of animals becomes more comfortable with livestock monitoring systems. You can easily track the birth details, breed, identification marks, etc. The production record of the livestock can be monitored. With the tags, it is easier to identify the livestock and increases their security too. This can reduce theft risks and lost cases.
Improved Pasture Management
The Monitoring system for livestock can be useful for improving the pasture or grass which animals eat. Farmers can track the animal’s movement and the area they are grazing. This way, animals will eat good grass and we can get better products from them. It will increase the profit which farmers earn from livestock.
IoT has changed the way the livestock industry operates. If you are looking for a technology-savvy to help you out track your livestock and manage it without any hassle, PsiBorg is an IoT solutions company where you can expect solutions that are new and beyond.